This theme examines the dynamics of societal and organizational transformation toward a legitimate, democratic, inclusive, and sustainable mode of governance, paying particular attention to the formal and informal institutions through which governance is exercised, changes that result in a more legitimacy for the government, and efforts likely to increase general consent about and legitimacy of the governing bodies. Studies under this theme place particular emphasis on the linkages between governance and its institutions, both formal/tangible and informal/intangible, and the trade-offs that need to be made between social, economic, and political considerations and priorities. Governance is researched at multiple jurisdictional scales descriptively (i.e., governance of X) and normatively (i.e., governance for X). Based on this holistic view of governance, APPRO provides training on the policy process and institutional analysis to governmental and non-governmental bodies. Given the demographics of less and least developed countries, governance research at APPRO pays particular attention to the role of youth and women in governance. See Training for more information.