This theme examines socio-economic, civil and political issues from a human rights perspective. There are a number of international conventions promoting social and economic, civil and political rights to which governments of less and least developed countries have signed up. Research under this theme aims to enhance understanding and appreciation of the numerous barriers that prevent the signee governments from meeting their human rights commitments. The research also aims to increase consensus on how national and international donors can work more strategically and coherently to integrate human rights in development aid programming. To date, APPRO has carried out a number of research projects on material and rights protection issues including access to health, education, and justice. Related research under this theme includes critical analysis of anti-corruption programming, public service provision including sanitation, and employment. See Presentations for highlighted findings under this theme.