Re-conceptualizing Corruption In Afghanistan: An Institution of Bad Governance

This baseline assessment was carried out to support the work of CFAC and efforts by civil society organizations, government authorities, and international donors in anti-corruption by providing in-depth insights into the tax assessment, payment, and collection processes at the Revenue Department of the Ministry of Finance, particularly in the Small, Medium-sized, and Large Taxpayer Offices (STO/MTO/LTO) and make practical recommendations on how to curb corruption in these processes.
In late 2016, APPRO conducted research in Kabul, Mazar-e Sharif, Herat, Kandahar, and Jalalabad on the interactions between taxpayers (NGOs and private sector) and tax collectors (mainly MTO but to a lesser extent also LTO and STO). This research was designed to establish the extent of predatory corruption in tax assessment, payment, and collection to identify the actors, factors, and mechanisms that facilitate corruption and to identity pathways to curb corruption as a necessary condition for good governance.

Research Fields:   Governance Reports

Education and Anti-corruption: A Case Study

This paper examines the extent to which traditional and religious values against corruption are being introduced to bring anti-corruption awareness into Afghanistan’s education system with a focus on the national primary, secondary and higher education curricula. The paper also enquires whether anti-corruption features in the teachings of the religious institutions. The findings from this research suggest that using Islamic values against corruption in education is an obvious starting point in Afghanistan. However, the teaching methods used by teachers at all levels of education need to be much more innovative, inspiring and engaging than currently in evidence.

Research Fields:   Governance Reports

Evidence-based, Constructive Advocacy: A Handbook

This manual is developed as a result of APPRO’s collaboration and interaction with numerous government agencies and civil society organizations throughout Afghanistan since 2007. The manual is intended to serve as a resource for policy and advocacy trainers and civil society individuals and organizations that wish to pursue positive societal change through constructive, evidence-based advocacy.

Research Fields:   Governance Resources

Afghanistan Rights Monitor: Monitoring Cycle 2

This is the second monitoring report of Afghanistan Rights Monitor (ARM) following the first monitoring report released in April 2016 and a baseline assessment released in December 2015. The objective for the ARM monitoring rounds is to assess changes in fundamental rights conditions across ten target provinces from January 2016 to December 2017. A baseline assessment was concluded in December 2015 to establish the basis against which to monitor changes in fundamental rights conditions, followed by the first monitoring cycle between January and April 2016. The reporting period for this second monitoring cycle covers May to August 2016.

Research Fields:   Governance Human Security Reports

نظارت از حقوق اساسی شهروندان افغانستان مرحلۀ دوم

این دومین گزارش نظارتی پروژۀ نظارت از حقوق اساسی شهروندان افغانستان می باشد که بعد از انتشار گزارش نظارتی اول در ماه اپریل 2016 و ارزیابی اولیه در ماه دسمبر 2015 منتشر می شود. گزارش حاضر با کمک مالی وزارت امور خارجۀ هالند تهیه شده است. موسسۀ مطالعات عامۀ افغانستان از تمام کسانی که با اشتراک در روند جمع آوری معلومات موافقت نمودند، صمیمانه سپاسگزاری می کند

Research Fields:   Governance Human Security Reports

Access to Information – Right or Privilege?

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the extent to which the Access to Information Law (the Law) is being implemented within the agriculture and education sectors. Focusing on Herat, Nangarhar, and Takhar provinces, this research was carried out to establish the extent to which government and civil society relations reflect the provisions of the Law and steps necessary for systematic implementation of the Law.

Research Fields:   Governance Reports

State-Civil Society Relations: Fundamental Rights in Kashmir (India)

This paper examines the situation of fundamental rights in Kashmir with a specific focus on the impact of conflict on the institutionalization, or lack thereof, of these rights. It explores the interaction between civil society organizations (NGOs) and the government from a “good governance” perspective for Kashmir. The NGOs (local, national, and international organizations) and government institutions engaged for this research include entities working on the delivery of basic services such as education, health, food security, employment, and shelter. The research finds that there are numerous lessons from the Kashmir experience for Afghanistan, including awareness of the high risk of fundamental rights becoming secondary to concerns about managing social unrest and a volatile security environment.

Research Fields:   Governance Human Security Reports

State-Civil Society Relations: Fundamental Rights in South Africa

This paper presents contemporary South Africa as a case study of the ways in which state and civil society actors engage with each other toward the protection and advancement of fundamental rights. The paper was commissioned by APPRO to draw potential comparative lessons for the context of Afghanistan, and for other emerging democracies.

Research Fields:   Governance Human Security Reports
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