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Afghanistan’s Trade With Central Asian Countries

Since 2002 one main focus of the international donor organizations active in Afghanistan has been to address the necessity for closer trade ties between Afghanistan and Central Asian countries. A substantial part of the earlier literature on post-2001 development in Afghanistan is focused on rehabilitating and expanding cross-border transportation infrastructure between Afghanistan and the Central Asian countries, revitalizing key economic sectors in Afghanistan, assisting in the harmonization of border systems, and rationalization of trade agreements to support improved security and governance. Despite these efforts to expand trade with Central Asian countries, Pakistan remains the single largest trade partner and the most convenient source and transit route for much of the imports including arms, fuel, and food for international forces present in Afghanistan.

The research sought to establish whether products from Central Asia, including those originating in Russia, meet the expectations of Afghan importers and, if so, whether Afghan importers would be willing to switch to Central Asian suppliers for higher quality, healthier, and safer products.

Research Fields:   Political Economy Reports

Transition and NGOs in Afghanistan

This assessment was undertaken to provide an in-depth analysis of the role and prospects of the international / national non-government organizations (I/NGOs) in Afghanistan in light of the Presidential Elections and the transition of the responsibility for national security to Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF), both to take place in 2014.

Women in Transition – Cycle 2 Findings

This is the second monitoring report following the baseline study: “Afghanistan: Monitoring Women’s Security in Transition”, published in May 2014. This report examines the impact of the transition of the responsibility for national security from international to Afghan national security forces to establish whether there are grounds for concern regarding the gains made for and by women in Afghanistan since 2001. The findings from this report, and the recommendations based on these findings, are intended to inform programming and action by the Government of Afghanistan, Afghan civil society organizations, and Afghanistan’s international donors in meeting their commitments to gender equality in Afghanistan.

Research Fields:   Human Security Reports

Afghanistan and Trade With Central Asia: Policy Brief

How to to form closer trade ties between Afghanistan and Central Asian countries has been a major topic of debate in regional trade by debates among international donor organizations and governments active in Afghanistan since 2002. This policy brief is based on research conducted by Afghanistan Public Policy Research Organization (APPRO) during late 2011 and early 2012, which took stock of current and historical flows of imports of selected products into Afghanistan and identified potential import niches that could be utilized by suppliers in Central Asian countries.

Research Fields:   Briefs Political Economy

Women in Transition – Baseline Assessment

This report examines the impact of the transition of the responsibility for national security from international to Afghan national security forces to establish whether there are grounds for concern regarding the gains made for and by women in Afghanistan since 2001. The findings from this report, and the recommendations based on these findings, are intended to inform programming and action by the Government of Afghanistan, Afghan civil society organizations, and Afghanistan’s international donors in meeting their commitments to gender equality in Afghanistan.

Research Fields:   Human Security Reports

Rural – Urban Migration: Case of Kabul

This study was undertaken to examine issues of displacement due to population movement and urban growth, land and settlement patterns, access to basic services, urban infrastructure, and livelihood strategies by comparing different cohorts of in-migrants and host communities in Districts 5, 7 and 13 of Kabul.

Research Fields:   Human Security Migration Reports

Micro-Finance in Afghanistan: Adapt or Fail?

This research was undertaken to establish whether it would be possible, under certain conditions, to ease this friction through innovation in financial products. Successful product and service innovation in this case is tied closely to the demand for Sharia-based microfinance.

Research Fields:   Political Economy Reports

Traditional Economic Clusters in Herat

This study was designed and conducted in 2011 to examine the interface between clustered economic activity and reconstruction programming in Afghanistan. The research also sought to assess the possibility of “triggering” increased cluster performance through policy intervention. The research finds that despite the continued neglect by policy and policymakers, traditional economic clusters are able to persist and even expand.

Research Fields:   Political Economy Reports
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