This research was undertaken to establish whether it would be possible, under certain conditions, to ease this friction through innovation in financial products. Successful product and service innovation in this case is tied closely to the demand for Sharia-based microfinance.
This study was designed and conducted in 2011 to examine the interface between clustered economic activity and reconstruction programming in Afghanistan. The research also sought to assess the possibility of “triggering” increased cluster performance through policy intervention. The research finds that despite the continued neglect by policy and policymakers, traditional economic clusters are able to persist and even expand.
This research was carried out from February to August 2011 to assess the impact of the changes made since 2001 and to identify pathways for future planning and programming in attempts to institute a fully functioning customs system. The rationale for this research was that further plans to reform the system need to be based on a close examination of what has been accomplished to date and the identification of the barriers and bottlenecks that Afghan traders continue to face in moving merchandize to and from the border entry points.
This paper has two broad goals. First, to establish the extent to which women contribute to social and economic value-adding activities in the agriculture sector based on current incentives, linkages, habits, practices, routines, technologies, and policies. Second, to identify the pathways through which intervention in the current arrangements is likely to have the desired impact of mainstreaming women in agricultural innovation while increasing economic output.
District Governors are a part of the sub-national governance system in Afghanistan. Their current role is to represent the central government at the local level and to address the needs of the communities in their district. District Governors interact with a range of other actors in the sub-national governance system in Afghanistan. They officially report to Provincial Governors, and work in close partnership with District Development Assemblies (DDAs), and line ministries at the district level. According to the Constitution all District Governors must be locally elected. To date, however, there have been no District Governors elections in Afghanistan. The main objective of this study was to document the role of District Governors in addressing, or not addressing, social and economic development needs expressed by their constituent communities through petitions.
This study was undertaken to iden;fy constraints and explore opportuni;es for women to par;cipate and improve their posi;on in various stages of saffron produc;on. The findings reported in this paper are based on primary data collected through interviews with key informants and focus group discussions and secondary data from a review of the exis;ng literature on agricultural value chains, value chain analysis, and gender in/and agricultural development.
This annotated bibliography is part of the research project, “Multi Donor Trust Fund for Trade and Development: Understanding the Gender Dimension of Trade Markets in Afghanistan”, funded by the World Bank. The overall goal of the project was to the constraints and explore opportunities for women to participate and improve their position in the various steps of selected value chains in farm and non-farm production. The outcome of the study was to feed into the gender mainstreaming strategy of the Government of Afghanistan and the international donor community involved in the reconstruction effort.