Research to date indicates that progress toward the implementation of NAP 1325 has been slow, at best. Disagreements between the Government of Afghanistan and its international donors on the implementation budget, finalized in October 2017, has been one of the main factors preventing the implementation of NAP 1325. At the same time several ministries and numerous civil society and international organizations have been working on issues relating to women, peace and security and NAP 1325. There appears to be a disconnect, however, between the requirements of fully implementing NAP 1325 and the collective efforts of the government, civil society organizations, and Afghanistan’s international donors for addressing gender inequality. The monitoring component of the NAP 1325 Monitor project has been designed to track changes affecting the implementation of NAP 1325, focusing on changes in the operating environment and decisions by the various stakeholders in programming on gender rights and equality. This report highlights these changes for the period May-August 2017 and their implications for implementing NAP 1325.