This report examines the impact of the transition of the responsibility for national security from international to Afghan national security forces to establish whether there are grounds for concern regarding the gains made for and by women in Afghanistan since 2001. The findings from this report, and the recommendations based on these findings, are intended to inform programming and action by the Government of Afghanistan, Afghan civil society organizations, and Afghanistan’s international donors in meeting their commitments to gender equality in Afghanistan.
This study was undertaken to examine issues of displacement due to population movement and urban growth, land and settlement patterns, access to basic services, urban infrastructure, and livelihood strategies by comparing different cohorts of in-migrants and host communities in Districts 5, 7 and 13 of Kabul.
This research was undertaken to establish whether it would be possible, under certain conditions, to ease this friction through innovation in financial products. Successful product and service innovation in this case is tied closely to the demand for Sharia-based microfinance.
This study was designed and conducted in 2011 to examine the interface between clustered economic activity and reconstruction programming in Afghanistan. The research also sought to assess the possibility of “triggering” increased cluster performance through policy intervention. The research finds that despite the continued neglect by policy and policymakers, traditional economic clusters are able to persist and even expand.
This research was carried out from February to August 2011 to assess the impact of the changes made since 2001 and to identify pathways for future planning and programming in attempts to institute a fully functioning customs system. The rationale for this research was that further plans to reform the system need to be based on a close examination of what has been accomplished to date and the identification of the barriers and bottlenecks that Afghan traders continue to face in moving merchandize to and from the border entry points.
This paper has two broad goals. First, to establish the extent to which women contribute to social and economic value-adding activities in the agriculture sector based on current incentives, linkages, habits, practices, routines, technologies, and policies. Second, to identify the pathways through which intervention in the current arrangements is likely to have the desired impact of mainstreaming women in agricultural innovation while increasing economic output.
District Governors are a part of the sub-national governance system in Afghanistan. Their current role is to represent the central government at the local level and to address the needs of the communities in their district. District Governors interact with a range of other actors in the sub-national governance system in Afghanistan. They officially report to Provincial Governors, and work in close partnership with District Development Assemblies (DDAs), and line ministries at the district level. According to the Constitution all District Governors must be locally elected. To date, however, there have been no District Governors elections in Afghanistan. The main objective of this study was to document the role of District Governors in addressing, or not addressing, social and economic development needs expressed by their constituent communities through petitions.