There is much enthusiasm for the linkages between return migration and development. However, this has hardly been researched for low-skilled returnees in a south-south migration context. This research samples a host of returnees among casual labourers in Kabul. The main question is to what extent these low skilled casual labourers have gained from their migration experience upon return in terms of accrued skills and techniques. The hypothesis is that those who are better prepared (circumstance) for their return will have more gains (impacts) from their migration experience upon return. The main conclusion of this study is that despite the many problems that plague Afghanistan’s socio-economic conditions, and the distant prospect of these problems being addressed, the migrants that have gained skills abroad have a significant relative advantage over others without those skills as far as employability. They learned new generic and technical skills, aesthetic values, and the use of tools they were not accustomed to before. Upon return their quality of work is claimed to be better, their employability increased and source of income is less volatile.
This study was undertaken to examine and document the extent to which the National Action Plan for the Women of Afghanistan (NAPWA) has been implemented since coming to effect in 2008 until 2013. The findings from this assessment are intended to contribute to the broader discussion on the transition planned for 2014 and provisions made to protect women’s rights in Afghanistan. The findings are also aimed at assisting the Government of Afghanistan and its international donors in how to best serve the many needs of Afghan women through development programming.
Since 2002 one main focus of the international donor organizations active in Afghanistan has been to address the necessity for closer trade ties between Afghanistan and Central Asian countries. A substantial part of the earlier literature on post-2001 development in Afghanistan is focused on rehabilitating and expanding cross-border transportation infrastructure between Afghanistan and the Central Asian countries, revitalizing key economic sectors in Afghanistan, assisting in the harmonization of border systems, and rationalization of trade agreements to support improved security and governance. Despite these efforts to expand trade with Central Asian countries, Pakistan remains the single largest trade partner and the most convenient source and transit route for much of the imports including arms, fuel, and food for international forces present in Afghanistan.
The research sought to establish whether products from Central Asia, including those originating in Russia, meet the expectations of Afghan importers and, if so, whether Afghan importers would be willing to switch to Central Asian suppliers for higher quality, healthier, and safer products.
This assessment was undertaken to provide an in-depth analysis of the role and prospects of the international / national non-government organizations (I/NGOs) in Afghanistan in light of the Presidential Elections and the transition of the responsibility for national security to Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF), both to take place in 2014.
This is the second monitoring report following the baseline study: “Afghanistan: Monitoring Women’s Security in Transition”, published in May 2014. This report examines the impact of the transition of the responsibility for national security from international to Afghan national security forces to establish whether there are grounds for concern regarding the gains made for and by women in Afghanistan since 2001. The findings from this report, and the recommendations based on these findings, are intended to inform programming and action by the Government of Afghanistan, Afghan civil society organizations, and Afghanistan’s international donors in meeting their commitments to gender equality in Afghanistan.
How to to form closer trade ties between Afghanistan and Central Asian countries has been a major topic of debate in regional trade by debates among international donor organizations and governments active in Afghanistan since 2002. This policy brief is based on research conducted by Afghanistan Public Policy Research Organization (APPRO) during late 2011 and early 2012, which took stock of current and historical flows of imports of selected products into Afghanistan and identified potential import niches that could be utilized by suppliers in Central Asian countries.
This report examines the impact of the transition of the responsibility for national security from international to Afghan national security forces to establish whether there are grounds for concern regarding the gains made for and by women in Afghanistan since 2001. The findings from this report, and the recommendations based on these findings, are intended to inform programming and action by the Government of Afghanistan, Afghan civil society organizations, and Afghanistan’s international donors in meeting their commitments to gender equality in Afghanistan.
This study was undertaken to examine issues of displacement due to population movement and urban growth, land and settlement patterns, access to basic services, urban infrastructure, and livelihood strategies by comparing different cohorts of in-migrants and host communities in Districts 5, 7 and 13 of Kabul.