This is the fifth monitoring report of Afghanistan Rights Monitor (ARM). The objective for the ARM monitoring rounds is to assess changes in fundamental rights conditions across ten target provinces from January 2016 to December 2017. “Fundamental Rights” are conceptualized broadly to include Civic, Social, and Economic rights. A baseline assessment was concluded in December 2015 to establish the basis against which to monitor changes in fundamental rights conditions, followed by three monitoring cycles. This fifth monitoring cycle covers July to October 2017. Data were collected in 29 rural and urban districts in the Central, Northern, Southern, Eastern and Western geographical zones of Afghanistan.
Description: This research was conducted as part of APPRO’s Afghanistan Rights Monitor (ARM) project, to support informed policy and action on fundamental rights protection and promotion in Afghanistan through research, constructive advocacy, and increased capacity of public institutions. The case study explores opportunities for, and challenges to, the advancement of women’s rights in three provinces of Afghanistan, including Balkh (Mazar-e Sharif), Herat (Herat City), and Kabul (Kabul City), specifically through their presence and participation in government. This research highlights pivotal questions regarding the quality and impact of such participation and makes a series of recommendations to strengthen the presence and roles of women in government.
Description: Studies on the implementation of gender programming in Afghanistan show that strategies and programs are often reduced to “requirements” issued by donors to include a gender component or perspective in all programming with undefined capacity requirements and without concrete guidance, earmarked funding, or systematic monitoring and evaluation mechanisms. The purpose of this review is twofold. First, to assess the adequacy of and effectiveness of WPS programming by major international actors and their Afghan counterparts in Afghanistan and, second, to generate a series of practical recommendations on gender mainstreaming and women-centred programming in Afghanistan, using Afghanistan’s NAP 1325 as the legitimizing instrument.
This manual is structured in three parts and serves as a resource for understanding the budget process in Afghanistan and identifying entry points for civil society to engage with budgeting authorities to ensure that citizens’ needs and concerns are accounted for and addressed in budget decisions.
The first part of this manual describes the basic principles of budgeting within a good governance framework. The second part describes the budgeting process in Afghanistan. The third part of this manual focuses on how and during which stages of the budget process CSOs and Local Authorities (LAs) can jointly influence budgeting decisions of the national government and elected officials to include local needs and priorities in annual government budgeting, particularly in the health and education sectors.
This report provides a synthesis of activities by APPRO for the “Afghanistan Rights Monitor” (ARM) project from November 2015 to March 2017, highlighting the lessons learned, challenges, ways forward, and the implications for future development and humanitarian aid programming in Afghanistan.
This manual is prepared as a brief, practical guide to monitoring and evaluation based on international standards. The manual provides working definitions for key terms, followed by practical examples of how to develop indicators, design and carry out monitoring, and conduct evaluations.
The research for this case study report focuses on women’s participation in Herat and Paktia, to help build an understanding of progress in these two provinces towards the implementation of NAP 1325, and to highlight potential obstacles or barriers towards this implementation.
This research was carried out as part of the ongoing work of the Monitoring Women’s Peace and Security partnership between APPRO, Cordaid and Equality for Peace and Democracy. MWPS aims to assess the implementation of Afghanistan’s NAP 1325 in 15 provinces.